Visiting Berlin is like walking through an authentic open-air museum . Its recent history has made it one of the cities that arouses the most interest among tourists from all over the world who want to get up close to the scenarios in which some of the most impressive political and social episodes of the last century have taken place .

However, doing so does not have to be a great financial expense. And it is that the German capital offers a thousand and one possibilities to discover it and enjoy it without having to spend a single euro.

Visit the ReichstagDetail of the Berlin Reichstag dome.

The Reichstag is, without a doubt, a symbol of German reunification and of Berlin and, therefore, an essential visit for anyone traveling to the city. To do this, you will have to stand in line and submit to strict security measures, but you will agree with us that entering the seat of the German Parliament is worth it.

The building, erected in 1884 and rebuilt first after the Second World War and later after reunification, is a work crowned by a spectacular glass dome designed by Norman Foster , open to the public and endowed with great symbolism.

Wander inside the Holocaust MemorialHolocaust Memorial in Berlin.

A short distance from the Parliament and the Brandenburg Gate, a carefully arranged composition of 2,711 concrete slabs of different heights surprises and impresses passers-by alike. This is the Monument to the Murdered Jews of Europe , also popularly known as the Holocaust Monument , a work that aims to pay homage to six million victims .

Designed by Peter Eisenman and Buro Happold, and inaugurated in 2005, the construction invites you to walk through an interior that offers strange and disturbing sensations caused by a gray and bare decoration and the sounds of your own footsteps and those of strangers.

I am reviving Nazi barbarismTopography of Terror, open-air exhibition in the former Gestapo headquarters in Berlin.

Another of the essential – and free – visits is one of the most sinister scenes of the former capital of the Third Reich, the headquarters of the SS leadership . Located next to the Martin Gropius building and close to Potsdamer Platz, it now houses ‘Topography of Terror’ , a thrilling exhibition documenting the crimes committed there since the Nazis took power.

Discover fragments of the wallFragments of the wall in the center of Berlin.

And it is precisely that one of the greatest emotional impacts when arriving in the city is discovering remains of the wall that between August 13, 1961 and November 9, 1989 divided Berlin in two. In certain areas, the traces are reduced to marks on the pavement that, surprisingly, sometimes end in front of the wall of a building, revealing that the separation between the Eastern and Eastern sections was complete.

The Berlin Wall memorial recalls the division and allows one to feel the anguish caused by the existence of the wall. 

Contemporary at East Side GalleryOne of the murals in the East Side Gallery in Berlin.

The other side of the fence offers us an endless number of colorful murals signed by international artists: the East Side Gallery , a 1.3 kilometer extension of the wall located along the Spree river, in Friedrichshain. Converted into a hymn to freedom , this particular and spectacular art gallery -the largest open-air gallery on the planet- is, without a doubt, another of the great essentials when visiting the German capital.Checkpoint Charlie, Berlín.

Although it has now become an absolute tourist spot, it is interesting to get closer to what during the Cold War was the main border point used by diplomats and foreigners to cross the line that separated the two parts of the city since 1961: the Checkpoint Charlie .

Visit the Sachsenhausen concentration campEntrance to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Berlin.

Market and karaoke in the Mauerpark on SundayKareoke in the Mauerpark, a flea market in Berlin.

If you like markets , in Berlin you will have a good time at one of those that are established on weekends around the city, and where you can buy all kinds of second-hand products, bargains, clothes, or souvenirs from the old GDR . One of the most curious is Mauerpark , where on Sunday , you can also have a picnic in the park and attend a massive open-air karaoke .

Listen to a classical music concertViolinists in full concert.

Also in a musical key, but in a different style, if you like music and extend your stay, you can go to the Berlin Philharmonic to attend one of its Midday Concerts (Die Lunchkonzerte) for free. Small group and solo auditions take place every Tuesday, from September to June, starting at 1pm in the lobby.

Approach Hackesche HöfeHackesche Höfe in Berlin.

On your visit to Berlin you can’t miss the Hackesche Höfe , the largest area of ​​enclosed courtyards in Germany. You’ll find them in the Spandau district , which has become a fashionable area of ​​the capital. Most of the buildings that comprise them have been restored and converted into bars, restaurants and offices.

Visit a vintage car museum Detail of an old car.

Although it is not a typical museum, the Classic Remise Berlin is worth a visit. Opened in 2003, it is something like a center dedicated to vintage cars . Built in a rehabilitated historic tram depot, its facilities include garages, restaurants, parts stores, clothing and accessories, ideal for motor lovers .

Picnic in Tiergarten or TempelhofTiergarten, the central park of Berlin, in autumn.

Good weather draws Berliners to Tiergarten , the huge central city park that has it all, so if you want to emulate a local, take shelter among the trees and winding paths, relax by the lake and enjoy a nice picnic . No one will look at you badly for eating quietly in one of its delicious corners.

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